July 21,1899
Birth of Ernest Hemingway
Ernest Miller Hemingway is born in Oak Park, Illinois, a place he will later describe as a town of "wide lawns and narrow minds." He is the second of six children of Clarence Hemingway, a doctor, and Grace Hall Hemingway, a music teacher.
May 7, 1901
Birth of Gary Cooper
Cooper's father was a farmer from Houghton Regis, Bedfordshire. Cooper attends Grammar School in Bedfordshire, England, between 1910 and 1913.
1913 From 1913 until 1917, Hemingway attended Oak Park and River Forest High School where he took part in a number of sports, namely boxing, track and field, water polo and football.
1914 When Cooper was 13, he injured his hip in a car accident. He returned to his parents' ranch near Helena to recuperate by horseback riding at the recommendation of his doctor. Cooper studied at Iowa's Grinnell College until the spring of 1924, but did not graduate.
1916 In his junior year, Hemingway took a journalism class, which was structured "as though the classroom were a newspaper office". Hemingway submitted to the schools newspaper and his first piece, published in January 1916, was about a local performance by the Chicago Symphony Orchestra. > IMAGE GALLERY
1925 - Hollywood Cooper moves to California with his parents and finds work as an actor in 1925. Beginning as an extra in the motion picture industry, usually being cast as a cowboy, he is known to have had an uncredited role in the Tom Mix Western Dick Turpin
1925 Gary Cooper and Ernest Hemingway burst onto the scene with The Winning of Barbara Worth and Wings. Ernest Hemingway meets F. Scott Fitzgerald at the Dingo Bar in Paris, just two weeks after the publication of The Great Gatsby. Their friendship will later fall apart in spectacular fashion, thanks to a toxic combination of professional rivalry and a feud between Hemingway and Fitzgerald's wife Zelda.
Cooper Wins 1st Academy Award Sergeant York was the highest-grossing film of the year. Cooper Wins Academy Award as Best Actor. Cooper wins for Sgt York
1930s - Hollywood Cooper earns praise as the ranch foreman in The Virginian (1929), one of his early films with sound. Throughout the 1930s, he turned in a number of strong performances in such films as A Farewell to Arms (1934) with Helen Hayes and Mr. Deeds Goes to Town (1936) directed by Frank Capra. Cooper received an Academy Award nomination for his work on the film.
1940 - COOP & PAPA MEET Gary Cooper and Ernest Hemingway meet in Sun Valley. Idaho in 1940, years after "Coop" was cast in the 1932 movie version of "A Farewell to Arms." In 1943, he again played a Hemingway hero, Robert Jordan, in the film version of "For Whom the Bell Tolls.
1952 Cooper Wins Academy Award for High Noon Cooper wins Best Actor in a Leading Role for: High Noon (1952). Gary Cooper was not present at the awards ceremony. John Wayne accepted on his behalf.
1954 Hemingway Wins Nobel and Pulitzer Prize Ernest Hemingway is awarded the Pulitzer Prize for The Old Man and the Sea. Ernest Hemingway is awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature, becoming the fifth American author to receive the award. Hemingway is unable to travel to Stockholm to receive the award.
1959 - Hemingway Leaves Cuba Hemingway leaves Cuba forever following the 1959 revolution in which his acquaintance Fidel Castro leads communist revolutionaries to power. The Cuban government takes possession of his home, Finca Vigia, and will later turn it into a Hemingway museum
Cooper's Love Life Cooper becomes known for his romances with several of his leading ladies, including Clara Bow and Patricia Neal. The affair with Neal, his co-star in 1949's The Fountainhead, occurred during his marriage to socialite Veronica Balfe
1961 - Death of Gary Cooper Cooper was too ill to attend the Academy Awards ceremony in April 1961, so his close friend James Stewart accepted the honorary Oscar on his behalf. One month later, on May 13, 1961, six days after his 60th birthday, Cooper died
1961 - Death of Ernest Hemingway Suffering from depression, alcoholism, and numerous physical ailments, Ernest Hemingway commits suicide with a shotgun at his home in Ketchum, Idaho. He is buried in Ketchum.